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Welcome to Mark Baggett - In Depth Defense



I am the course Author of SANS SEC573 Automating Information Security with Python. Check back frequently for updated tools and articles related to course material.

Senior SANS Instructor
GSE #15
Internet Storm Center Handler
Penetration Testing and Incident Response Consultant
Technical Advisor to DoD for The SANS Institute
Founding President of the Greater Augusta ISSA
Cofounder of BSidesAugusta Security Conference


Tools:
FREQ SERVER - Tool and technique for detecting Malware Command and Control domains
DOMAIN_STATES - Tool for detecting "Baby Domains" used for phishing and Malware distribution
SRUM_DUMP - Forensics tool for extracting System Resource Utilization Monitoring artifacts
LIAM_NEESON - Proof of Concept Linux Hash Protection
HONEY_HASHES - Certainly Honey Tokens have been around since 2003 but I created a cool technique for creating fake SATs in memory that was turned into Dell Secure Works DCEPT framework.
VSSOWN - Tool & Technique for Using Microsoft Volume Shadow Copies for hiding malware and extracting artifacts
SDB Hacking - Using Application Compatibility in unexpected ways.
SET-KBLED - Utility for Managing Clevo and Sager Laptop LED Backlit Keyboards
Reassembler.py - Scapy based fragement reassembly engine
eapmd5crack.py - A password cracker for the EAP protocol


and more. Most of these tools are available on my github page. Follow me on twitter @markbaggett





Metasploit updates to msfencode and exe template

HD Moore and the team at Metasploits are constantly updating the framework.    The programs, scripts and approaches I document In my  SANS paper on the Effectiveness of Antivirus in Detecting Metasploit Payloads have changed significantly.     If you haven't read my paper you may find it interesting.  Its here

In the document I showed how an attacker can create standalone executable payloads of any of the available payloads in the framework.  I showed how to you can use msfencode to alter the payload to avoid detection by antivirus.   One difficulty at the time was that msfencode didn't make an executable.   That all changed on 9-26!  HDM make the some changes to both the template that is used by msfpayload and msfencode (among other things).  It now much easier to avoid antivirus.  Now msfencode will create an EXE!   It doesn't show up in the options when you do msfencode -h but it works! So the following:

./msfpayload windows/meterpreter/bind_tcp R | ./msfencode -t exe

will encode the standalone meterpreter with the default encoder Shikata_ga_nai.   It works great!!  REMEMBER: msfencode wants machine language code as input (RAW output from msfpayload)   If you tell msfpayload to generate an EXE then pipe that to msfencode, msfencode will encode the Win32 PE headers and you end up with binary that will not run.  Give msfencode C source code and it will produce encoded C source code.  But that source code won't run and better than the unecoded one.    msfencode needs RAW input.  msfencode will also generate RAW output, so you should  be able to chain multiple payload encodes.  This works great too!

# ./msfpayload windows/shell_bind_tcp R | ./msfencode -e x86/fnstenv_mov -t raw | ./msfencode -t exe > doubleencoded.exe 
[*] x86/fnstenv_mov succeeded, final size 342
[*] x86/shikata_ga_nai succeeded, final size 369

UPDATE:  I have been unable to reproduce this result again.    Encoding binaries a second time has resulted in corruption. I'm not sure what I did wrong last night.   I probably tested my single encoded binary thinking it was my double encoded.  

Things have change quite a bit since february.   A straight payload with no encoding is detected by 3 antivirus products, Avast, AVG and GData.   But none of them detect it as a metasploit payload.  Instead they detect a generic "dropper".  These are NOT the same antivirus products that detected payloads back in february.  Those two products (Kasperski and Webgateway) don't detect anything now.  Seems we are relying on dumb luck    

Unencoded payload is detected by 3 antivirus products, Avast, AVG and GData 
Single encoded (shikata_ga_nia) is detected by 3 antivirus products, Avast, AVG and GData
Double encoded (fnstenv_mov + shikata_ga_nia) is detected by 1 Antivirus product, AVG

Additionally HD changed the template that is used.   When msfpayload and msfencode create an executable they rather elegantly do a merge of the payload text with the binary /data/template.exe.   HD change the template to make it more difficult for antivirus to detect the payloads.  It now stores the payloads in the .rdata section rather than the .data section and employes some techniques to avoid detection.   

Lets pretend for a minute that antivirus was able to detect the payloads BEFORE these changes.   That task just got a whole lot harder for the antivirus vendors. 

Pauldotcom.com did some some similar work on metasploit payloads in September of this year.  Check out his stuff here.  

Popular posts from this blog

SRUM-DUMP and SRUM_DUMP_CSV Ported to Python 3

SRUM_DUMP and SRUM_DUMP_CSV have been ported to Python3 and are available for download from the PYTHON3 branch of my github page.

https://github.com/MarkBaggett/srum-dump/tree/python3

In moving to Python3 I also updated the modules that I depend upon to parse and create XLSX files and access the ESE database that contains the SRUM data.  I hope that this will fix the issue that some users have experienced with SRUDB.dat files that create very large spreadsheets.  If it does not please let me know and continue to use SRUM_DUMP_CSV.EXE to avoid the XLSX problem.

In moving to Python3 you will find the process to be faster.

If you would like to run the tools from source instructions for doing so are in the README on the github page.

Use Python and Scapy to Easily Do Full Duplex Stream Reassembly!

Check out this blog on how to get scapy to do full packet reassembly in just a few lines of Python code.

https://pen-testing.sans.org/blog/2017/10/13/scapy-full-duplex-stream-reassembly


Awesome Keyboard Tricks - Clevo/Sager Backlight control from Powershell

I'm back on Windows.   After 8 years on a Macintosh I just couldn't go another day with ONLY 16GB of RAM.   I priced it out and for the cost of a top of the line MacBook I could get a tricked out PC with 32GB of ram and 2.5 TB or hard drive space (1.5 of it being SSD).   So I made the switch.  To get a top performing laptop I ended up buying a gaming machine from xoticpc.com.   The model is Sager NP9752 (Clevo P750ZM).    I have to say I like it quite a bit.    One of the features I was curious about was the "Programmable backlit keyboard".   With it you can set your keyboard backlight to various colors and light movement patterns.    Now, when I hear "programmable" I think APIs.   I was a little disappointed to find out there weren't any documented APIs that I could use to control the keyboard.    Your only choice is to use their built in tool to configure the lights on the keyboard.   That stinks.  I want to be able to change key colors automatically …